It is widely accepted that psychological factors play a role in the occurance and healing of many types of back pain. Why is this?
Well, a number of things. If you are covered by worker's comp or other insurance for your injury, or if you have a fear of movement, there's more to your condition than what's going on in your structures, for example.
Regardless of the reason, working with a therapist may help you manage your pain and learn to cope. Perhaps the best well-known type of therapy people with chronic neck or back pain is cognitive behavior therapy. Based off of social learning theory, this type of therapy got its start about 50 years ago. The emphasis is on managing behavior rather than the typical psychotherapy fare such as uncoving childhood issues and patterns.
Interested? Here are a few articles to get you started: