Injections are an invasive technique that can diagnose
the cause of pain, and can treat the pain itself. The great thing about injections for back pain is that they deliver medicine directly to the site of the pain.
The amount of pain relief from injections vary from temporary to long lasting.
Although there are many types of medications used for injections, injections themselves are broadly categorized according to what type of tissue or body system, or location receives the shot.
Soft tissue injections are given in the case of bursitis. Usually corticosteroids are the medications used for soft tissue injections. Soft tissue injections decrease the inflammation
in the bursae and can relieve constant joint pain.
Epidurals are used for pain due to common conditions such as degenerative disk disease
. An epidural involves injecting a steroid into the epidural space
, where the very sensitive nerve roots
are located. The medicine then travels to other levels of the spine, reducing inflammation and clearing out inflammation-causing substances as it goes.
3. Nerve Block Injections
Nerve blocks are often used to diagnose the exact cause of back or neck pain. They are also used to treat low back pain. Nerve blocks are used when back pain is caused by nerves
. The injection is done in the exact location of the nerve root
. In addition to diagnosing the problem, the nerve block reduces inflammation around the nerve root.
Trigger point injections are given when there are trigger points found in the musculature. Trigger point injections can do several things:
- reduce pain
- reduce inflammation
- relax muscles
- increase range of motion.
Generally, cortiocsteroids combined with an anesthetic are the medications of choice to soothe symptoms.